Irony in the old man and the sea

Regarded as one of his most famous works, this story is read in high schools all over America. What began as a simple story about an aging fisherman, turned into something far more meaningful.

It was immediately regarded as a classic. Although a short story, it is jampacked with deeper meaning. It is a story about meeting goals, and meeting your fate. The story opens with Santiago, an experienced fishermen who has gone 84 days without catching a single fish.

On the 85th day of his unlucky streak, Santiago heads to the Gulf Stream, sets his lines, and has his bait taken by a Marlin. Santiago finds himself pulled by the Marlin, and two days and nights pass with him still holding onto the line. Despite his excruciating pain, Santiago has a soft spot for this Marlin, often calling him brother. He even states that no one will get to eat the fish.

irony in the old man and the sea

On the third day, Santiago finally stabs the Marlin with his harpoon, and straps it to the side of his boat, before heading home. The blood from the fish calls the sharks, who then cause Santiago to lose his weapon. Soon, the sharks eat the majority of the Marlin, and Santiago proclaims that they have killed his dreams. He returns to shore, where everyone admires the carcass—18 feet from nose to tail. Santaiago takes no pride in this.

Instead, he drinks coffee, promises Manolin to fish together once again, and returns to sleep. He dreams of his youth, of lions on an African beach. Jennifer Mendez has brought insightful articles to Literative. From author interviews to how literature meets gaming to expert insight into tools and writing processes, her dedication to helping our author community is quite inspiring.

You can find more of her writing at jennifermendez. Santiago carries his mast back to shore after his Marlin encounter. The way in which he carries it signifies the time when Jesus was crucified and carried the cross.

Describe the irony at the end of the novel?

The Shovel-Nosed Sharks that eat the Marlin are said to be literary critics. Hemingway found them irritating, always bashing writers, without creating anything themselves. The sea itself is symbolic. It hides important things from Santiago, like the Marlin. When it finally gives it to him, Santiago must fight to keep it.

The sea is life. Life hides things from us, only to reveal them later. Manolin is love an compassion, as well as the circle of life.

Despite everything, Manolin loves Santiago, and shows him love and compassion, like checking up on him when he arrived back with a Marlin carcass. For Santiago, lions are symbols of his youth on the African beach. This sends the point across that he might be too old to fish now.

Writing Contest!!!Post a Comment. I found a lot of irony in 'The Old Man and the Sea'. One thing I found ironic in the book is how fast the old man's luck changes. In the beginning of the book, the old man is not having very good luck at all. He had not caught a single fish in eighty four days and he lost his best friend and apprentice, Manolin, the young boy. He was very lonely out at sea with out Manolin to keep him company.

Every one in his small fishing town had started calling the old man "salao" meaning the worst form of unlucky. I feel bad for the old man in the beginning of the book because his luck had been so bad.

Satire Summary: The Old Man and the Sea

He had a bad reputation as a fisher and his young apprentice and friend had been taken away from him. His luck changes toward the middle of the book however. On the eighty fourth day of being out at sea, the old man finally catches a fish.

That not being enough, this fish was the biggest fish of the old man's career. It was an eighteen foot long marlin fish. Most fishermen had never seen a fish so great in size. The old man had hit the jackpot! It took a few days, but the old man finally got the fish close enough to his small fishing boat to kill it with a harpoon.

Just when the old man had thought that his luck had finally turned around, however, his bad luck came back. Some nearby sharks had smelled the marlins blood in the water and began to gather around the body. Since the marlin was too big for the old man's boat, it was still in the water. The sharks attacked the body and ate it until all that remained was the skeleton. This is all an example of irony because the old man had gone from unlucky, to lucky and back to unlucky so quickly in this book that it is ironic.

Hemingway, Ernest. The Old Man and the Sea. New York: Scribner Paperback Fiction, No comments:. Newer Post Older Post Home. Subscribe to: Post Comments Atom.Post a Comment. The Old Man and the Sea has two huge situations where dramatic irony occurs. The first situation is when Santiago is talking to the boy the day before he goes out on his big fishing trip in hopes to end his lucky strike of not catching a fish the last eighty four days. Manolin talks to Santiago saying that he wants to help him get some sardines for his trip and help him prepare for the big day Hemingway, 25but Santiago only lets him get a few new sardines.

This is where we see the irony: Santiago thinks he will catch a fish during the next few days, but he is a little skeptic about catching a big fish since he has not caught one in a long time. We know from this that he will catch a big fish even though he himself does not know it yet. The next time that we see this irony is when Santiago has already caught the big and magnificent marlin and is on his way home when all of a sudden the first shark hits.

Santiago does not know that a shark was going to hit his fish or even swim up to him, but we did. Also we know this just before Santiago knows this. The effect of this irony is kind of depressing for us because we know that Santiago is going to lose a lot of his prize trophy and he will not be able to keep hardly any meat from the fish like he planned to.

However some of the irony is good because it tells us that Santiago will catch a huge fish that will regain him his pride and his respect from the other fishermen, which is the focus of this novel. No comments:. Newer Post Older Post Home. Subscribe to: Post Comments Atom.You are not alone! Read an analysis of the symbolism here.

Attract the ladies or gents much in the same way a dead marlin attracts sharks with your knowledge. The Sea. According to Hemingway, man was most able to prove himself worthy in isolation. It is at sea, with no help and no recognition, that Santiago faces his ultimate challenge. The novel, in this regard, is an example of Naturalism in Literature.

The Marlin. The marlin represents the ultimate opponent, one that brings out the best in Santiago. The Sharks. Santiago considers the sharks base predators, not worthy of glory.

They represent destructive forces in life that serve no purpose. Joe Dimaggio. Santiago considers Joe Dimaggio unbeatable. He symbolizes the indomitable will of the human spirit.

Dimaggio, at the time the book was written, suffered from a bone spur, mentioned in the novel. Despite the bone spur, DiMaggio overcame his opponents, much in the same way Santiago overcomes his, despite injuries. The Lions. Santiago dreams of Lions on the beach in Africa three times. They represent virility and youth. The lion imagery at the end of the novel represents hope of eternal life. The Mast. The mast is an obvious allusion to the cross of Jesus. It is on his skiff, where stands the mast, that Santiago suffers.

Santiago suffers at sea for three days with painful injuries to the palms of his hands and his back. It can be argued, however, that as Santiago fishes, he is without hope. The day fishless streak attests to it. The lost harpoon. Much like Santiago without a harpoon, those without faith are defenseless. Find tips on how to use novel study guides at brighthub.

Bright Hub Education.Post a Comment. Although the young boy admits at the end of the novel that a search team looked for Santiago by helicopter, they were never able to find him in his tiny skiff. Another ironic statement made by Manolin was his question for the old man before he went fishing. Manolin's parents forbid him from fishing with Santiago saying "that the old man was now definitely and finally salao, which is the worst form of unlucky Hemingway 9.

On the particular day that the old man caught the marlin, Manolin had bought him fresh sardines to fish with. It's ironic how the young boy provided some luck for the old man when it was because of his luck that he couldn't fish with him in the first place. When he finally ends his eighty-four day streak by catching the great marlin, the old man has the struggle of his life to get home.

Enduring muscle pains, fighting off predators, and becoming weak from lack of food and strength were all ironic signs of how the world was always against Santiago. Finally, the old man returned to the Havana frail and starved.

irony in the old man and the sea

The other fisherman, who were once tormenters of Santiago, were around and had very little to say to the old man. They were in awe over the huge skeletal matter that the old man had carried home. None of them spoke to the old man because he was now seen as a hero amongst the fishers of the Cuban coast. Hemingway, Ernest.

irony in the old man and the sea

The Old Man and the Sea. New York: Scribner, No comments:.

The Old Man & The Sea: Symbolism and Summary

Newer Post Older Post Home. Subscribe to: Post Comments Atom.Santiago proves his manhood by refusing to be defeated, notwithstanding the incredible odds against him. According to Hemingway, It is the inevitability of death and struggle that allow humans to prove their worth. Santiago acknowledges he had gone too far out. He resembles other literary over-reachers, those who attempt to do more than they are capable and pay a heavy price—Prometheus, Victor Frankenstein, OdysseusDr.

Faustus, and Lucifer for example. His prideful error causes him to lose his prize catch. It is these three things that make Santiago a man, according to Hemingway, regardless of the end result.

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Use of Irony in “the Old Man and the Sea”

Skip to content. Imagine owning a business and not selling one item for 84 days. You have no other options for earning income, for buying the necessities of life. Would you quit? Would you ask for a government bailout Santiago did not have this option.

Would you give up on life? Or would you be a man and keep fighting. Santiago keeps fighting, a characteristic admired by Hemingway. Santiago is left in isolation, and according to Hemingway, it is not until a man is isolated that he can prove himself honorable and worthy. Manhood in The Old Man and the Seaas demonstrated by Santiago, is done in isolation, far out beyond other fishermen, where the big fish dwell.

Even after Santiago catches the marlin, the struggle remains hopeless as sharks attack his catch. Santiago still fights. Injured and beaten, but never defeated, Santiago reaches deep to resist inevitable defeat. Be careful. Sharks will devour it after one whiff. Privacy Policy. Search website.If we can't tunnel through the Earth, how do we know what's at its center? What evidence does Coutu use to support her claim that improvisation requires resilience.

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Ernest Hemingway. Banned and Challenged Books. What is the irony in the novel Old Man and the Sea? Wiki User At the end of the book people just think the bones must be what's left of a shark. The irony is that the tourists thought that the marlin santiago caught was actually a shark. A man can be destroyed but not defeated. This answer is correct according to Sea symbolize for life,strength. The lion is used for symbolism in the novel The Old Man and the Sea.

The wild animal stands for youth, happiness, strength, and hope for the main character. Asked in Books and Literature Fictional character that fought a fish only to return home with just a skeleton?

The Old Man and the Sea. Probably his best work. His wife and it is important because he had a revelation that him leaving her was the biggest mistake of his life.

The novel takes place in Havana, Cuba. It is regarded as one of his most seminal works and was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in


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